The worldview of a child who has been subjected to chronic abuse, parental insensitivity, or neglect will inevitably integrate the child's sense of betrayal and pain. Their interactions are colored by a pervasive fear of harm coming to one or both parties. When this hope is not met, the individual may begin to attribute bad qualities to themselves, lose faith in their caregivers, and stop expecting to be protected and cared for. These kids have stopped believing that adults would look out for them and are acting appropriately. These defense systems may help a youngster cope with immediate danger or discomfort, but they also prepare the child for a lifetime of emptiness, loneliness, and emotional isolation.
Those who have suffered abuse and neglect typically fail to form a solid sense of identity for themselves. They withdraw defensively, which hinders their capacity for introspection. They can't express thoughts and feelings in words, and their capacity for interpretation suffers as a consequence (Siegel, 1999). Many people who have experienced complex trauma have a dissociative response, becoming disconnected from their feelings and from their environment.
Using dissociation to manage emotions eliminates the need for learning more nuanced techniques. People who have experienced trauma, meanwhile, have a heightened sense of awareness. This preoccupation with the outside world distracts from more important inner developmental activities, such as increasing self-awareness and learning to control one's emotions. As a consequence, trauma survivors can't foresee how they'll feel in various scenarios, making it difficult for them to come up with effective coping mechanisms. In order to direct their actions, people need to be able to tap into their emotions. Fear of going down a dark, deserted street, for instance, often leads individuals to take additional safety measures or to avoid the scenario completely.
Being able to recognize and name feelings as they occur is a crucial part of managing your emotions. Without awareness of our own emotional condition, we are unable to devise effective methods for adjusting it. The capacity to learn how to control one's emotions is hampered by this confluence of processes.
Those who have experienced early abuse and neglect tend to have a neural system that is dysregulated, which, combined with a lack of abilities or methods to moderate and tolerate affect, may lead to heightened reactivity. The cumulative effect of these processes is a compromised resilience to the pressures of daily life in trauma survivors.
Due to a lowered threshold for their internal stress system, they often experience feelings of anxiety, discomfort, and sensitivity to stressors.
Neglect and abuse in childhood may have long-lasting negative impacts by planting the idea early on that humans can't be trusted. People who have experienced trauma frequently feel isolated from society after years of feeling mistreated and abandoned by their guardians. Having never formed an internal template of what a good connection is like, they typically lack the capacity to build healthy and reciprocal partnerships.
They don't realize that people who have experienced trauma worry about being emotionally overwhelmed by what others may evoke in them, not only about being physically or sexually abused. People are something they encounter.
Become Trauma 20 considered potential dangers to one's mental health, and taught to avoid developing meaningful relationships with others. It's unfortunate that they lack a support system because of this.
As a defense mechanism, victims of neglect and abuse often shut off their minds and emotions. These two factors—emotional vulnerability and weaknesses in the skills required to control and manage these vulnerabilities—are related to many of the challenges that persons who have experienced trauma face. Substance abuse may emerge as a result of a combination of a dysregulated reaction to stress and everyday emotional difficulties and a lack of basic self-capacities.